Half an hour’s drive southeast from Jerusalem lies the Dead Sea. Also known as the Sea of Salt, it is one of the lowest points on earth, situated over 400 meters below sea-level…
|Dead Sea Geological Structure
The sea, in reality a lake, walled down its two sides by rock and dry gullies, is the lowest point in the great rift running from Syria in the north down to central Africa. Read more...
|Dead Sea Works: Minerals from the Dead Sea
Millions of years of evaporation have left the Dead Sea water saltier and denser than any other natural body of water, with a salt content 8 to 10 times that of the oceans. The sea offers a tremendous store of raw materials for industry and agriculture, extracted by local developers through a system of evaporation. Read more...
|Therapeutic Value of the Dead Sea
There is a unique therapeutic potential in the sea providing relief from rheumatic pain and psoriasis as well as various other health disorders. The exclusive nature of this potential derives from having a combination of the following factors concentrated in the same place. Read more...
|Dead Sea Flora
Botanically, the flanks and south of the Dead Sea belong to the Saharo-Sindi region and therefore are of a desert nature. But around the springs and delta streams, the flora is varied. The heat, and extreme difference in the quality of waters coming from several sources, provides the necessary conditions for tropical and hydrophilic vegetation, as well as for plants that can live on salty water. One of the most famous and unique plants of the area, the Rose of Jericho,has been the object of many legends around the world. Read more...
|Dead Sea Fauna
The Dead Sea area is blessed with diverse fauna due to relatively high heat and humidity, and owing to the coincidence of various terrains – that of the rift valley, the desert and the tropics – a factor which permits the wildlife of these different territories to live together. Added to this, the Dead Sea Valley lies beneath the migration path of nomadic birds, traveling between Africa and Northern Europe. Read more...
|Dead Sea History
The ‘Sea of Salt’ is first mentioned in the Bible in connection with Sodom and the neighboring settlements. The Biblical Sodom has never been found, but remnants of the Chalcolithic period have been uncovered in the area, dating habitation to 3000 B.C. From the Israelite to the end of the Byzantine Eras, the land provided a passageway for merchant caravans and a recreation spot for the whole region. Read more...
|Dead Sea Scrolls and Prof. Yigael Yadin
Nearby caves were used for refuge by rebels and religious sects, considered by many as the fore-founders of Christianity. The most well known caves are the Kumran caves, in which the mysterious Essene sect wrote and hid the Dead Sea Scrolls…
The WysInfo Dead Sea History topic includes rare video clips of interviews with the late Professor Yigael Yadin on his findings in the area. Read more..
|Dead Sea Agriculture
Today, collective and cooperative settlements are discovering innovative methods for developing agriculture in the area. As a result, they are achieving maximum productivity from small units of land. Efficient irrigation through the ‘drip system’, cleansing the soil of toxics, and adaptation of plants to salty land are only some of the methods being used. Read more...
|Plans, Hopes and Dreams for the Future
Experiments for the exploitation of solar energy have been successfully carried out in the region, based on a principle of collecting solar energy within the lower and heavier layer of the Dead Sea water.
The idea of constructing a canal between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, and using the height difference to generate electricity and fill up the shrinking lake, was raised at the end of the 19th century by Theodor Herzel.
Recent political developments in the area have encouraged an alternative plan for a joint venture between Israel and Jordan, to create a canal and a series of projects between the Red Sea to the Dead sea. The plans are not without controversy since some have argued for a holistic approach that aims at creating a Biosphere reserve. Read more