The term perfume is associated with fragrance – an arousing odor, pleasant smell, erotica, sensuality.
The French use of the term perfume dates back to the 16th Century and is derived from the Latin per– “through” + fumare -“to smoke”. It describes the activity used to spread scent in churches, public places and homes by burning aromatic plants – incense – and thus “through smoke”
Today the production of perfume is part of a multi billion-dollar industry. In ancient times it also played a major role in the prosperous trading of merchandise between the east and the west…
|Scent and Smell
The sense of smell is one of our 5 senses. It is the sense that allows us, with the help of organs in our nose, through a process of memory and associations, to recognize our world and to understand and adapt to our environment… Read More...
Perfume is a man made product, mostly in the form of liquid, which is composed of several, sometimes hundreds, of components that produce a pleasant smell by having their odor molecules float in the air…Read more...
|The History of Perfume
The history of the production and use of perfume stretches back thousands of years. Perfume, incense and the use of scent were mentioned many times in the bible, along with remains of records describing production in ancient Egypt, the land of Israel, India, Mesopotamia and in the Far East. The Greeks, followed by the Romans, refined the process of production of aromatic oils and perfumes, and emphasized the use of them in the culture of body care...Read more...
|The Ancient Perfume Route|
The Perfume and incense trade route played an important role in the connection between the East and the West – providing commercial activity that also included the trade of spices and precious stones. Fortresses were built in strategic points along the trade routes in order to protect the convoys carrying the expensive merchandise from robbers…Read more...
|Some Stations Along the Perfume and Incense Route
The Incense route from Petra, through the Israeli Negev to the port of Gaza along the shore of the Mediterranean, stretches across some 150 kilometers. This route has now been recognized and acknowledged as a world heritage route by UNESCO...Read more...
|Collectibles - Overview of the History of Perfume Bottles
Together with the production of perfume, a secondary industry emerged that was dedicated to manufacturing containers for storage and delivery of this valuable product...Read more...
|Perfume Bottles: The Ancients
From ancient times, one finds remains of magnificent jugs, vials and bottles made of substances such as clay, alabaster, precious metals and, of course, glass... Read more...
|Perfume Bottles: Byzantine, Islamic, Venetian - Middle Ages
Toilette vessels typical of the Byzantine period have a heavier decorative pattern and a strong oriental (middle-eastern) influence is apparent in the designs. Early Islamic containers were often covered with indented crimped and wavy coils, disks and other types of applied decorations. It is very likely that the glass industries of Venice were influenced by Byzantine craftsmen who arrived in Venice after the fall of Constantinople...Read more...
|Perfume Bottles: 17th Century to Modern
For the last few hundred years the design and manufacturing of perfume bottles has been a profitable industry by itself and, consequently, unusual perfume bottles began to attract the attention of collectors. These collectors relate to the bottles in terms of their own unique beauty and consider them to be an item of art... Read more...
|Perfume Bottles - Private Collection 1
See examples of a private collection of Jean Paul Gaultier - Female Body Shaped perfume bottles
|Perfume Bottles - Private Collection 2
See examples of a private collection of Japanese and Chinese Perfume and Snuff Bottles