Jews of Yemen – Front Page

Also in the Jews of Yemen Docuweb:
Brief Background about YemenA Brief Background About Yemen

Yemen is currently considered an underdeveloped country. Still it is blessed with one of the richest and most vibrant histories in the Middle East, with archaeological sites dating back to biblical periods. It is located in the strategic south west of the Arabian Peninsula. It has a varied topography and climate and houses hundreds of diverse tribes that have kept their distinct characteristics throughout the times. Read more...
History – When did Jews Settle in Yemen?When did the Jews Arrive in Yemen?

Many scholars believe that the beginning of the Jewish settlement in Yemen goes back as far as the period of the 1st Temple.

Legends and traditions refer to a few waves of emigration to Yemen in biblical periods, starting with King Solomon and Queen of Saba (Sheba) and ending during the time of the King of Babylon. Read more...
Yemenite Jews – Relations with their Local NeighborsRelations of the Yemenite Jews with their Local Neighbors

Life of the Jews of Yemen was characterized by ups and downs depending on the different periods, different rulers and different locations.

By 380 CE, the influence of the Jews in Yemen was so great that the ruler of the Kingdom of Ḥimyar accepted monotheism and converted to Judaism. Read More....
Connections with Other Jewish Centers

Yemen was relatively distant from the Jewish centers in Israel, Baghdad, Persia, Syria, Egypt and Europe. Still, links among them existed throughout the centuries.

During the early centuries of the Common Era the Jews promoted business connections with other Jewish communities and consequently gained wealth and influence. This influence reached a point, in around 380 CE, where a ruler of the Ḥimyarite Kingdom in Yemen converted to Judaism. Read more...
The American Colony and Yemenite Jews in JrusalemYemenite Jews and the American Colony in Jerusalem

This is the story of Yemenite Jews, who arrived in Jerusalem in 1881, and Anna and Horatio Spafford, devout American Christians who moved to the holy land to dedicate their lives to help the needy, regardless of origin or faith.

A year after founding ‘The American Colony’ in Jerusalem, the Spaffords discovered a group of Yemenite Jews camping in their fields. These Jews shared the Spaffords' belief that the time had come for the fulfillment of the prophecy of the return of the Jews to the land of their forefathers. The story describes the generosity of the Spaffords and their relations with the Yemenite Jews. Read more…
Kinneret and the Yemenite PioneersKinneret and the Yemenite Pioneers

The immigration of the Jews of Yemen at the end of the 19th century was mostly characterized by hardships. Among other things, financial, organizational, social and cultural differences created a conflict between the immigrants who came from the near east and those who came from east Europe.

In 1911, a group of a few dozen families from Shar-ab in the south of Yemen, picked up their goods and came to the Promised Land, eventually settling beside Lake Kinneret. Eighteen years after they arrived, the Yemenite settlers were forced to leave their homes. Read more…

Custom, Culture and Folklore of the Yemenite Jews

This page is still under construction. Currently it provides some videos by Sei Yona, a traditional Yemenite dance troupe.

The root of Yemenite Jewish poetry is religious and national. The poems and songs function as a tool to spread stories, moral teaching and wisdom of the bible. Many express gratitude to and belief in god and reflect a longing for Zion. Read more
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